The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped organ that is situated at the base of the neck. Its task is to release hormones that regulate the metabolism. Other important thyroid functions are:
– Body weight
– Body temperature
– Muscle strength
– Cholesterol levels
– Heart rate
– Central and peripheral nervous systems
– Menstrual cycles
The thyroid has two sides which are called lobes, and they are linked by the isthmus, which is a strip of tissues.
HOW DOES THE THYROID GLAND WORK
- The thyroid is a large gland situated in the neck that releases hormones that regulate the development and growth through the metabolism.
- It is part of the endocrine system, which is made out of glands that release and store hormones into the blood.
- In order to produce two very important hormones, T3 and T4, the thyroid gland needs iodine.